India's former president Dr. A.P.J. Kalam is taking joint initiative with America’s National Space Society to tap solar power in space. It is named as Kalam-NSS Energy Initiative.
The goal of this initiative is to solve the global energy crisis, to solve the global carbon crisis, and to solve America’s next generation jobs crisis. These Goals will be achieved by harvesting solar power in space.
World electricity demand by the year 2035 is projected to increase by 87%.
Renewable power generation systems (water, wind, solar, geothermal, etc.) will only meet 23% of that demand.
According to Dr. A.P.J. Kalam, “By 2050, even if we use every available energy resource we have: clean and dirty, conventional and alternative, solar, wind, geothermal, nuclear, coal, oil, and gas, the world will fall short of the energy we need.”
He adds that, “There is an answer… an energy source that produces no carbon emissions, an energy source that can reach to most distant villages of the world, and an energy source that can turn both countries into net energy and technology exporters.” It’s space solar power.
Read below his complete statement.
Space-based solar power (SBSP) is a system for the collection of solar power in space, for use on Earth.
SBSP differs from the usual method of solar power collection in that the solar panels used to collect the energy would reside on a satellite in orbit rather than on Earth's surface.
In space, collection of the Sun's energy is unaffected by the various obstructions which reduce efficiency or capacities of Earth surface solar power collection.
Find below key facts about Space Solar Power.
- An array of solar cells in space make electricity from the suns energy, which is converted to a microwave beam, sent to Earth and then converted back to electricity
- Seven times more energy in space per unit area as compared to the ground
- Avoids the need for expensive energy storage
Find below the benefits of Space Solar Power and the Kalam-NSS Energy Initiative.
- An almost unlimited source of energy. The sun produces 1 to 10 TRILLION times the amount of energy currently used by humanity.
- Environmental Friendly: Beam not a problem. Naked humans can walk through. Birds can fly through.
- Receiver uses much less land, which is particularly important for India
Rough terrain land can be used. And, land can also be used for agriculture as Dual use.
- Almost zero carbon dioxide produced
- Energy Independence: America spends $700 billion per year on oil imports. India has similar problems.
- Net Energy Exporters: Space Solar Power can be sold and beamed to any nation.
- India and America could become the world’s largest energy exporters.
- Potential energy wars may be avoided.
This initiative involves 15 – 25 Indian and a similar number of American experts. T. K. Alex, Director of the Indian Space Research Organization Satellite Centre will be Indian Principal Investigator. And, John Mankins, world’s leading expert on Space Solar Power will be American Principal Investigator.
A bilateral conference will be held at the Von Braun Center in Huntsville Alabama in May 2011
India and US are having below common things.
- Shared history of British colonialism
- Religious freedom and tolerance
- Opposition to terrorism
- Concerns about energy independence
- Desire to mitigate climate change
- Strong public interest in space
Find below the advantages of Indian American Cooperation.
- Combination of American technology and Indian low cost manufacturing a powerful generator of jobs in both countries.
- Both already desire to increase cooperation in energy, space and climate change mitigation
- India as a leader of the developing world, can greatly help with international regulations
- A rapidly rising India is in the interests of both nations. Neither nation wishes to contain China, however, a prosperous India increases the probability that the rise of China will be peaceful.
About Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
- Former President of India
- Project Director for India’s first satellite launcher
- The former Scientific Advisor to the Defense Minister of India
- Currently, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology
- Known as the ‘Missile Man” of India
- According to a 2010 Readers Digest Poll, one of the two most trusted men in India
- Author of best selling books Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India and Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam
About John Mankins
- Chief Operating Officer of Managed Energy Technologies
- President, Space Power Association
- 25 year career at NASA
- While at NASA, led an $800 million per year R&D program
- For many years he was in charge of the studies at NASA of the concept of Space Solar Power
- World’s leading expert on Space Solar Power
About Dr. T. K. Alex
- Director Indian Space Research Organization Satellite Centre
- Responsible for the sensor systems in all Indian satellites.
- Led the Chandrayaan-1 project, India’s first lunar probe
- Currently directing the development of Chandrayaan-2 and sixteen other satellites
Refer this link for more details about his project.
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